Care and Reproduction of Orchids

21/08/2023


All about Orchids

The Orchids: Majestic and Fascinating Flowers that Enchant.

Here we leave you a complete article about orchids

Orchids are synonymous with beauty and elegance . These exquisite plants have captivated gardeners and collectors around the world. With a wide variety of colors, shapes and sizes, orchids are true jewels of nature. In this article, we will explore the different species of orchids, how to care for them, reproduce them, as well as watering and soil aspects. Let's delve into the fascinating world of orchids.

Orchids belong to one of the largest plant families, with more than 30,000 known species. Each orchid species has its own unique characteristics and care requirements. Some of the more popular orchids include the Phalaenopsis, known as the "butterfly orchid" for its resemblance to a butterfly in flight; the Cattleya, known for its large, fragrant flowers; and the Dendrobium, which features a variety of vibrant and elegant colors.

Proper care of orchids is essential for their health and bloom. Here are some essential tips:

  1. Adequate Light: Orchids require an adequate amount of light to grow and flourish. Most orchids prefer bright, indirect light. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can burn sensitive leaves. Placing orchids near an east or west facing window is usually ideal.

  2. Temperature and Humidity: Orchids are tropical plants and therefore prefer warm, consistent temperatures. Most orchid species do well in day temperatures between 20°C and 30°C, and night temperatures around 15°C to 20°C. Also, orchids appreciate moderately high humidity levels. You can increase the humidity by placing the pots on trays of water or by using a humidifier.

  3. Proper Watering: Watering orchids requires a delicate approach. In general, it is best to water them when the growing medium has partially dried out. Avoid overwatering, as orchid roots are susceptible to rot. Water evenly, making sure the water drains completely.

  4. Growing medium: Orchids do not grow in conventional soil. Special growing media should be used that provide good drainage and allow the roots to breathe. Common growing media options for orchids include mixtures of pine bark, sphagnum moss, charcoal, and perlite. You can also find specific growing media for different types of orchids.

  5. Reproduction: Reproduction of orchids can be done through various methods, the most common being the division of pseudobulbs and propagation by cuttings or keikis. Pseudobulb division involves separating a part of the plant that has at least one pseudobulb and some roots, and planting it separately. Keikis are small seedlings that form on the stem of the mother orchid and can be separated to grow as new plants.

Orchids are exquisite plants that require specific but rewarding care. By following these basic tips, you can enjoy beautiful flowers and healthy plants. Remember that each species of orchid may have slightly different care requirements, so it is important to do your research and learn the specific needs of each variety.

In short, orchids are true wonders of nature and a stunning addition to any garden or interior. Its diversity and beauty are unmatched. With proper care in terms of light, temperature, watering, growing medium and reproduction, you can enjoy the majesty of orchids for a long time. Go ahead and grow these beautiful flowers and experience the delight of having your own orchid garden at home.

Reproduce orchids by cuttings

Reproduction of orchids by cuttings is not a common method, since orchids do not usually produce traditional cuttings like other plants. However, there is a method called pseudobulb division propagation that is used to reproduce some orchid species. Next, I explain how to carry out this process:

  1. Preparation: Choose a healthy adult orchid to reproduce. Make sure it has several pseudobulbs and a strong root system. In addition, it is important to carry out this process during the active growing season of the plant.

  2. Extraction: Carefully remove the orchid from its pot, trying to preserve the roots as much as possible. Wipe away any excess growing medium attached to the roots and observe the pseudobulbs.

  3. Division: Examine the pseudobulbs and look for those that are healthy and have newly emerging roots. Using a sterilized knife, divide the plant into sections, making sure that each section has at least one or two pseudobulbs and a viable root system.

  4. Root cutting and applications: If the roots are too long, you can trim them a little to make handling easier. In addition, it is advisable to apply a powdered fungicide to cut wounds to prevent infection.

  5. Preparing new pots: Fill small pots with a suitable orchid growing medium, such as a mixture of pine bark, sphagnum moss, and perlite. Make sure the pots have drainage holes to prevent waterlogging.

  6. Planting: Place each section of the orchid in an individual pot, making sure the pseudobulbs are slightly above the level of the growing medium. Surround the roots with the growing medium and press gently to secure the plant.

  7. Aftercare: Place the pots in a warm, bright place, avoiding strong direct sunlight. Keep the growing medium slightly moist, but not too wet, to prevent root rot. The plant will begin to develop new roots and shoots as it becomes established.

It is important to note that not all orchid species are suitable for propagation by division of pseudobulbs. Some species, such as terrestrial orchids or delicate bulbous orchids, may not tolerate this process and it is preferable to use other methods of reproduction, such as propagation by keikis or seed sowing.

Remember that orchid propagation by division of pseudobulbs requires patience and care. New plants may need time to adapt and establish themselves before showing vigorous growth. With time and proper care,

Prevent diseases to our Orchids

To keep your orchids healthy and prevent disease, it is important to follow some care practices and take preventative measures. Here are some recommendations:

  1. Proper hygiene: Wash your hands before handling your orchids and use clean and disinfected garden tools. Avoid direct contact with plants if you have open wounds, as this can transmit disease.

  2. Good ventilation: Make sure your orchids have good air circulation. This helps reduce excessive moisture and prevents buildup of pathogens. Avoid crowding plants and place your orchids in a well-ventilated place.

  3. Adequate watering: Avoid excess watering, since excess moisture can favor the development of fungal diseases. Water your orchids evenly, allowing the growing medium to partially dry out between waterings. Be sure not to over-wet the leaves and flowers.

  4. Proper drainage: Use pots with drainage holes and a growing medium that allows for good drainage. Standing water can encourage the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria. Make sure that the irrigation water drains completely and does not collect at the bottom of the pot.

  5. Humidity control: Some diseases develop in very humid environments. Use a hygrometer to monitor the humidity in the environment and make sure it is within the recommended levels for your orchids. If necessary, use fans to improve air circulation and reduce humidity.

  6. Regular inspection: Carry out regular inspections of your orchids for any signs of disease or pests. Pay attention to spots, discoloration, rot, or other abnormal symptoms. If you identify an anomaly, act quickly to control it.

  7. Separation of infected plants: If you find any plants with obvious signs of disease, such as spots or fungus, immediately isolate that plant to prevent the disease from spreading to others. Remove the infected parts and disinfect the tools used.

  8. Fungicides and Pesticides: In the event of a severe infestation of fungal diseases or pests, you may consider using orchid-specific fungicides or pesticides. However, it is important to read and follow the instructions on the product, as well as to exercise caution when using chemicals.

Remember that prevention is key to keeping your orchids healthy. Providing them with a suitable environment, care and regular attention will reduce the chances of them developing diseases. Watch your plants closely and act quickly on any signs of disease to minimize its impact.