Politics: Exploring the Fundamental Concept of Society


Politics: Exploring the Fundamental Concept of Society


Politics is a fundamental concept that shapes and governs our societies. It affects our daily lives, our relationships and the functioning of our communities. However, the term " politics " is often broad and can generate different interpretations. In this article, we will explore what politics is, its importance, and how it influences our collective lives.

Policy Definition :

Politics can be defined as the process by which decisions are made and power is exercised to manage the affairs of a society. It involves the distribution of resources, the creation and application of laws, the formulation of public policies, and the regulation of relationships between individuals and groups in a community.

The importance of politics:

Politics is essential to organize and regulate coexistence in complex societies. Some of the reasons why politics is important are:

  1. Decision making: Politics provides a framework for collective decision making. Through political processes, leaders are chosen, priorities are established, and the actions and policies to be followed are determined.

  2. Representation and participation: Politics allows citizens to participate in making decisions that affect their lives. Through elections, voting and citizen participation mechanisms, it seeks to represent the interests and perspectives of the diversity of society.

  3. Conflict resolution: The policy provides a space for negotiation and conflict resolution. Political processes make it possible to find solutions to disputes and controversies through dialogue, mediation and consensus building.

  4. Creation of laws and norms: Politics is the engine of legislation and the creation of norms that regulate coexistence. Through political institutions, laws are established to protect rights, promote well-being, and ensure justice in a society.

  5. Public administration: Politics also involves the management of public resources and the administration of services and programs that provide well-being to society. Politicians and public officials are in charge of implementing policies, supervising their execution, and making decisions that impact people's quality of life.

Political interactions and citizenship:

Politics is not just limited to politicians and government leaders. All citizens have a role in the political framework. Active citizenship implies being informed, participating in democratic processes, expressing opinions and seeking the collective well-being. Citizen participation strengthens democracy and ensures greater representation in political decisions.


Politics is a fundamental pillar of our societies. It is the means through which power is exercised, collective decisions are made and public affairs are managed. Politics covers a wide range of activities, from law making to citizen participation. Understanding politics and actively participating in it is essential to build just societies.